Issue 14:2

Yusa Djuyandi, Ratnia Solihah, Siti Witianti

The Impact of Globalisation on the Privatisation Policy of Some State Enterprises in Indonesia

Globalisation is considered to have positively impacted some third world countries because it is believed to have the power to improve the life quality of citizens. However, anti-globalisation groups believe that the globalisation wave has made third world countries vulnerable to exploitation. In Indonesia in particular, globalisation has had both positive and negative impacts. One of the negative impacts is the growing global demand for the privatisation of state-owned enterprises.…

Issue 14:2

Kenneth Brendan Houston

Pseudo Neutrality in Intra-State Conflict: Myanmar’s Official Discourse on Rakhine

Although the most recent manifestation of conflict in Rakhine can be traced to the coordinated attack on Myanmar security forces in August 2017 by Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (hereafter ARSA), it goes without saying that the problem has a longer history. For this paper a corpus of official Myanmar government sources was examined qualitatively using the critical discourse analysis (CDA) method. Within the official pronouncements of the Myanmar state since August 2017 we can discern the…

Issue 14:2

Asadov Babek Rashid ogli, Utkin Nikolay Ivanovich

International Legal and Organizational Framework for OSCE Activities in the Context of Human Security

This paper examines some aspects of the formation of the legal and organizational foundations of the OSCE's "human dimension" as a necessary channel for maintaining peace and security.Development of this direction, which goes beyond human rights issues, involves expanding the scope of scientific discourse in order to understand objective ideas about the humanitarian essence of the security of this actor. Various regulatory legal and organizational practices have formed over time, corresponding…

Editor's Desk

Mitchell Belfer

Going Viral: COVID-19’s Harsh Lessons

When the history of COVID-19 is written, its authors will not only judge the process of contagion, mortality rates and economic paralyses; they will also account for the triple crises of trust, governance and globalism. Many assumptions have simply been shattered while others — such as suicidal de-pendency — have been confirmed. It may be in vogue to debate whether or not COVID-19 is era-defining; if it is a watershed moment that will change the trajectory of history, but this is all specula…

Issue 14:2

Radka Havlová

Sino-Qatari Relations after the ‘Qatar Blockade’ in the Context of the Regional Implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative

The article examines the development of the relations between China and Qatar since the ‘Qatar blockade’ in June 2017. Both Qatar and China view themselves as strategic partners and their relations are developing on the diplomatic and political level as well as in the field of economy and finances regardless of the ‘Qatar blockade’ and Qatar’s subsequent regional isolation. The article explains that since the introduction of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013, the mutual…

Issue 14:2

Masitoh Indriani, Amira Paripurna, Sascha Hardt

The Age of Fake News: How Does It Impact Social Cohesion and Democracy in Indonesia?

Fake news as a phenomenon has now created real-world consequences. Saracen, the online syndicate and producer of fake news in Indonesia, has exploited ethnic, racial, and religious differences. Through social networks, fake news has spread with lightning speed and is often unchallenged and uncorrected. As a result, it has threatened social cohesion and Indonesia’s security. This article aims to explore the Indonesian government’s legal and non-legal measures for addressing fake news as a…

Issue 14:2

Caroline Paskarina, Rina Hermawati, Nuraeni

Divided by Hashtags, Unrepresented Citizenship: Findings from 2019 Indonesia Electoral Discourse in Twitter

The 2019 Presidential Election has its own uniqueness compared to the previous presidential ones because the dynamics began with the emergence of #2019GantiPresiden, which means that the year of 2019 is the time to elect a new president. This hashtag appeared even before the stages of the 2019 presidential election officially began. Afterwards, various hashtags appeared alternately as markers of issues that developed during the presidential election. This article uses Twitter analysis during…

Issue 14:2

Diah Fatma Sjoraida

Development of Political Communication through Social Media

This study explains how the process of political communication that is still conventionally transformed through social media. A descriptive qualitative research method is followed. The results of this study show that the use of social media by politicians in the practice of political communication has a significant impact on people's political behaviour. The development of communication technology has penetrated the lives of humanity. One form of development of communication technology is new…

Issue 14:2

Adityo Darmawan Sudagung, Maya Bofa, Feliani

Desecuritisation of Brunei’s Sharia Penal Code on the Punishment towards LGBTIO

This paper aims to explain policy changes of Brunei’s Sharia Penal Code (SPC) regarding punishment towards the LGBTIQ community. The SPC was quietly announced in December 2018, which initially would have been implemented in April 2019. However, in May 2019, the Sultan announced that his government would not implement the SPC. The policy changes of Bolkiah will be analyse d by a qualitative method with rational choice and Securitisation theory. Data will be collected through secondary data from…

Issue 14:2

Indra Prawira, Rahmat Edi Irawan

Competition for Public Influencer in the New Democratic Era: Online News Media Strategy in Monopolising Political Communication

The media or press is losing its monopoly over the dissemination of information between the public and political actors as communication becomes more personal (Chaffee and Metzger, 2001). Therefore, it could be assumed that the mainstream media is less influential in constructing public opinion, especially in determining public agendas through the news. This phenomenon invites debate about whether the media will continue to decline due to the loss of its function mass communication (Chaffee and…

Valentine M. Moghadam: Globalization and Social Movements: Islamism, Feminism, and the Global Justice Movement

Book Review

Alina Shymanska

Valentine M. Moghadam: Globalization and Social Movements: Islamism, Feminism, and the Global Justice Movement

Despite this book not being a recent publication, the various issues that it brings to the table are still relevant topics for debates within academia. Globalization and Social Movements: Islamism, Feminism, and the Global Justice Movement by Valentine M. Moghadam examines three cases of three transnational social movements emerging as a response to liberalism and the globalization-from-above, which is defined by the author as ‘the latest stage of capitalism on a world scale’ (p.27).…

Peter Gill, Mark Phythian: Intelligence in an Insecure World

Book Review

Nikolozi Abzhandadze

Peter Gill, Mark Phythian: Intelligence in an Insecure World

In a world which is increasingly becoming more reliant on technology and interconnectedness, we must ask ourselves, what dangers may this rapid advancement in technology and communications could potentially pose? With these advancements comes further growth of intelligence agencies and their powers but we do not hear much about them, or even have any dedicated information on how they operate and what their true purpose is. Are intelligence agencies a ‘be or and end all’ organization? Do they…

Anders Corr: Great Powers, Grand Strategies: The New Game in the South China Sea

Book Review

Imane Hmiddou

Anders Corr: Great Powers, Grand Strategies: The New Game in the South China Sea

China is accused of not respecting International Law by illegally taking islands in the South China Sea. This implies that the country profits from all the goods in the area and consequently, neighbour states are directly affected by this act. PRC is legitimizing its acts by historical narratives which are not accepted by neither the neighbouring countries nor the international community. The international reactions toward China’s acts in South China Sea are following the diverse strategies…

Issue 14:2

Abdulla bin Ali Al Khalifa

The Importance of Eastern African Countries in the Security of the GCC Countries

Relations between the countries of the Arabian Gulf and the African continent, especially the East African countries, are old and have deep historical connections and stretch to prehistoric periods. They witnessed migrations, whether it was individual or collective, due to the rule of geographical proximity and ease of transport through ships in the sea or camel riding. Geographically, the continents of Asia and Africa were connected by land through the Suez Peninsula, before the Suez Canal was…

Editor's Desk

Mitchell Belfer

Crisis Mismanagement and the European Parliament

There is an air of dread across Europe. The outbreak of the Novel Coronavirus (re: COVID-19) has sent Italy into national quarantine with Spain and France a short sprint behind. The rest of the EU, Switzerland, Norway and the UK are bracing for their turn, enacting a series of restrictive measures to cushion the impact of one of the most aggressive coronaviruses in living memory. While this global health pandemic unfolds, other crises continue to lap at Europe’s frontiers: acts of human…

Monica Duffy Toft: Securing the Peace: The Durable Settlement of Civil Wars

Book Review

Jasmina Ameti

Monica Duffy Toft: Securing the Peace: The Durable Settlement of Civil Wars

‘Why do some civil wars end, and stay ended, while others reignite?’ This is the central question that Securing the Peace, by Monica Duffy Toft, poses. In addressing the question, the book discusses advantages and disadvantages of terminating a war by negotiated settlements, and absolute military victory of a government or a rebel group, or ceasefires and stalemates. Based on a statistical analysis of war recurrence, the author argues that, even though negotiated settlements are the most…

Gerard Toal: Near Abroad: Putin, the West and the Contest over Ukraine and the Caucasus

Book Review

Javadbay Khalilzada

Gerard Toal: Near Abroad: Putin, the West and the Contest over Ukraine and the Caucasus

It is unimaginable that in the 21st century a powerful country could invade a neighboring country and annex part of its territory simply because it does not like its neighbor’s politics. Though there have been some anti-terrorist and regime-change operations by powerful countries like the United States in failed states like Afghanistan or despotic ones like Iraq, the U.S. did not officially annex the countries it occupied. However, as Gerard Toal, political geographer, discusses in his book,…

Issue 14:1

Jaroslava Bobková

NGOs in Global Governance: Securing Role through Engagement at the United Nations? (Case Study – Global Policy Forum)

What is the role of NGOs at the United Nations, and, by extension, in global governance? With limited possibilities to measure it directly, this article adopts discursive analysis as an innovative approach to the issue. Analysis of three texts by Global Policy Forum represents an important insight into the question and a tool for further research. It shows that despite the relative increase of their participatory rights at the UN, NGOs seem to realise approaching a point of saturation in what…

Issue 14:1

Aleksey Pavlovich Anisimov, Nina Vladimirovna Mirina, Anatoliy Jakovlevich Ryzhenkov

Contemporary Legal Issues of Ensuring Food Security in the Post-Soviet Space (in Terms of Russia)

The article deals with theory and practice of ensuring food security in the Russian Federation in the context of the UN recommendations and achievements of legal thought of foreign countries. Food security is considered as a guarantee of sustainable development of agriculture located at the junction of three types of national security: economic, social and environmental. The authors prove the need to distinguish between the categories “food security” and “food independence”, arguing in favor of…

Issue 14:1

Nsemba Edward Lenshie

Ethno-Religious Identity and Intergroup Relations: The Informal Economic Sector, Igbo Economic Relations, and Security Challenges in Northern Nigeria

Nigeria operates a multidimensional and complex system in which ethnicity and religion have found expression in a competitive environment to exclude other groups. This study aims to examine how ethnicity and religion underlie the hostility and violence in the economic relations between Hausa-Fulani and Igbo people in northern Nigeria. Using documented evidence, the study argues that economic relations between Igbo people and Hausa-Fulani ethnic group have remained unpalatable since the 1960s,…

Issue 14:1

Ehab Khalifa

The Impact of Smart City Model on National Security

Smart cities could help overcome traditional problems of big cities, such as pollution, traffic congestion and administrative corruption. They can stimulate economic productivity, accommodate population growth, and make lives more convenient, but at the same time, they raise many security threats to national security.Daily life needs in smart cities are based on information and communication technologies. Houses, infrastructure, transportation, communication, government services, as well as…

Issue 14:1

Mark Kleyman

Multiculturalism and Community Building in Urban Europe

In the years lasting back to 2015 Europe has been faced with an unprecedented influx of migrants. In most cases they seek refuge from civil wars and dictatorships that devastate many countries across North Africa and the Middle East. As a consequence, migration is becoming an increasingly urgent issue of many public and scholarly debates. In this context, the crucial problem is what type of multicultural society every European country and the EU in general want to be. This problem is…

Issue 14:1

Lucie Zimmermanová, Zdeněk Kříž, Eva Doleželová

Thinking of Russia: Finnish Neutrality after the Cold War and the Influence of Russian Neighborhood on Finnish Cooperation with NATO

In recent years, Finland has closely cooperated with NATO and Finnish politicians emphasize that Finland may consider joining the Alliance at any point. However, this step is unlikely in the foreseeable future. Russia’s aggressive actions abroad disconcert Finland; as this article shows, even after Russia’s war with Georgia and the breakout of the crisis in Ukraine, the situation is not deemed serious enough by the Finns for them to risk a serious deterioration of relations with their eastern…

2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2